The board is split up into twenty separate sections that are each allocated to a particular number. Hitting one of the larger portions of these sections (traditionally colored black and yellow), scores precisely the points value for that section.
Hitting the thin outer portions of these sections (colored red and green) scores double the point’s value for that section.
Hitting the thin inner portions or these sections (roughly halfway between the outer wire and the center of the board) scores triple the point’s value of that section.
The center of the board or Bulls Eye is split into two sections, a green outer ring known as the “Outer Bull” hitting this section scores 25 points, and the red inner circle, which is usually known as the “Bull” or “Inner Bull” and is worth 50 points.
If a dart hits outside the outer wire the player scores nothing for that throw, the same is true if a dart does not remain in the board after throwing.
In the standard game of darts, the board is hung so that the bulls eyes is 5ft 8in (1.73m) from the floor or eye-level for a six foot man.
The Oche is the line that a throwing player must stand behind, this generally 7ft 9in (2.37m) from the face of the board.
Everyone will throw their dart differently, but as a general rule the dart should be held between the thumb and forefinger.
To aim your dart it is helpful to hold it at eye level. Throw your dart with a smooth action. Each player has three darts and will throw all of them at each visit to the oche.
Remember that darts requires a high level of skill, and it may take a little time before your throws become accurate.
There are many games that can be played on a dartboard, but darts generally refers to a game whereby the player throws three darts per visit to the board with the goal of reducing a fixed score, commonly 501 or 301 and the below section will provide a detailed explain on how to play 301 or 501 game (which van be referred as “01” games) .
1-Know that the most common form of the game is simply known as “01.” The objective of the game is simple. Each player must reduce his score down to zero.
This game can be played with any number of players may play, but normally two individuals or two teams .
Why is it called “01” then? “01” refers to the fact that each player always starts a game with a score that ends in “01”. Single player games generally start with opponents staked 301 or 501 points. In larger, team games, the starting number of points can be set as high as 1001.
Note that the difference between 301 and 501 that in 301 we need to start throwing with a double.
2-Mark the oche (pronounced /OCK-EE/). The oche is the line that a throwing player must stand behind. It is 7ft 9 1⁄4 inches (23.5 cm) from the face of the board.
3- Throw a dart to see who goes first. The person who gets closest to the double bull gets to throw first.
4- Have each player take turns throwing three darts each. The points the player scores are then subtracted from his starting total.
For example, if a player is starting with 301 points, and lands 54 points, his/her new total would be 247 points.
5-As each player begins to approach 0 points, care must be taken to hit only the areas that are needed. This is because of the manner in which the game is won. In order to win, or “close-out” as it is called, you must reach exactly zero. In addition, the dart’s score that brings you down to zero must be a double.
For example, if a player has 2 points left, they must score a double 1. If he/she has 18 points left, the player must score a double 9.
If a double is not possible, such as a remaining total of 19 points, a player can score a single 3 first to bring the total down to 16. From there, the player can score a double 8 to finish the game.
Also you can view the following video for more information :
Various words and phrases are used in these Rules for which purpose they have the meanings defined below:
– Bye: An uncontested Match, resulting in automatic progression for the sole Player or Team involved.
– DRA: The Darts Regulation Authority, a not-for-profit Company, limited by guarantee. One of its primary roles is to ensure good governance and integrity within the sport of darts.
– DRA Rules: The rules and regulations drawn up by the DRA from time to time in accordance with Regulation 13 of the DRA Articles of Association including without limitation the rules set out in this DRA Official Rule Book.
– Darts Event: A darts match or tournament organised under the jurisdiction of or in accordance with the DRA rules.
– Double: A double-score section of the board including the center Bull.
– Game Shot: A throw, which must land on a Double, which reduces a Player’s aggregate score for that leg to zero, thus winning the leg.
– Guest: Any person who has been invited to the event by a Player or Promoter.
– Marker: The person appointed by the Promoter to mark scores on official score sheets or an official score board during any Match, also referred to as Scorer.
– Match: A darts match between two Players or between two teams of Players as part of a Darts Event.
– Match Board: The dart board on which a Match is played.
– Member(s): Any member or members of the DRA.
– Official(s): Any official or officials appointed by the Promoter to officiate at a Darts Event.
– Player: Any darts player whether or not a Member and whether or not registered as a darts player with the DRA and participating in any darts event or activity held under DRA rules.
– Players’ Association: Any official association representing the interests of playing members.
– Playing Attire: The clothes and accessories worn by a Player during a Match.
– Promoter: Any organization or individual promoting or organizing, in whole or in part, a Darts Event under DRA Rules.
– Recorder: Any Official appointed by the Promoter to record all Match scores and enter all relevant match play details on official result sheets or record cards.
– Referee: The Official appointed to take charge of match play at a match board or on stage during a Darts Event.
– Regulations: The Articles of Association of The Darts Regulation Authority as amended from time to time.
– Scorer: See definition of Marker .
– Tournament Director: The person appointed by the Promoter to oversee the running of a Darts Event.
– Tournament Venue: The physical location at or in which a Darts Event takes place.